Next 25 Results →
July 2017 — July 2017

PPPL Researchers Simulate Impact of Recycled Atoms on Plasma Turbulence (Jul 24, 2017)
Turbulence, the violently unruly disturbance of plasma, can prevent plasma from growing hot enough to fuel fusion reactions. Long a puzzling concern of researchers has been the impact on turbulence of atoms recycled from the walls of tokamaks that confine the plasma. These atoms are neutral, meaning that they have no charge and are thus unaffected by the tokamak’s magnetic field or plasma turbulence, unlike the electrons and ions — or atomic nuclei — in the plasma. Yet, experiments have su...
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BSC Scientists Compare Algorithms That Search for Cancer (Jul 24, 2017)
Eduard Porta-Pardo, a senior researcher in the Life Sciences Department at Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), with the collaboration of a team of international scientists, has undertaken the first ever comparative analysis of sub-gene algorithms that mine the genetic information in cancer databases. These powerful data-sifting tools are helping untangle the complexity of cancer, and find previously unidentified mutations that are important in creating cancer cells.



Beauty Spot or Landscape Blot? Computer Trained to Judge Scenery (Jul 22, 2017)
Wordsworth found it in a host of daffodils; Nan Shepherd in the nooks of the Cairngorms. For Monet it popped up all over the place, from the windmills and canals of Amsterdam, to the sailing boats of Argenteuil. What lends a scene beauty has long been left to the poets and painters to define, but that may be about to change. In a new study, researchers trained a computer to tell scenic views from blots on the landscape. One day it could help with decisions over what land to protect, and how bett...
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DARPA Developing a ‘Modem’ Linking Computer and Brain (Jul 22, 2017)
Modern medicine has brought us quite a bit of amazing things. I, for one, love not dying from infections, from polio or mumps. Not to mention not pooping myself to death when I have a glass of water. These are things that I think we can all agree are good. Even with that progress, though, many of humanity’s oldest diseases and disorders are pernicious, but DARPA (yeah, that one) has started looking into some brain-computer interfaces that might do the trick.



Computer Scientists Demonstrate the Potential for Faking Video (Jul 21, 2017)
An update from the Wild Wild West of fake news technologies: A team of computer scientists have figured out how to make words come out of the mouth of former President Barack Obama — on video — by using artificial intelligence. If you've been on the Internet at any point in the last year, there's a good chance you've come across fake news articles. Soon we may see a wellspring of fake news videos. As a team out of the University of Washington explains in a new paper titled "Synthesizing Obam...
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Do You Really Need a Degree in Computer Science to Be a Software Developer? (Jul 21, 2017)
The crux of being a successful software developer is the same as in every career: hard work is what will determine your success. With the myths and misconceptions however, many people begin doubting themselves when it comes to a career in software. The claim that the software industry demands that a programmer have a degree from a prestigious college or be a math genius to be successful are not as true as you would think. A college degree will certainly help if you wish to pursue a career in sof...
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Helping Robots Learn to See in 3-D (Jul 20, 2017)
Autonomous robots can inspect nuclear power plants, clean up oil spills in the ocean, accompany fighter planes into combat and explore the surface of Mars. Yet for all their talents, robots still can't make a cup of tea. That's because tasks such as turning the stove on, fetching the kettle and finding the milk and sugar require perceptual abilities that, for most machines, are still a fantasy. Among them is the ability to make sense of 3-D objects. While it's relatively straightforward for robo...
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New Material Resembling a Metal Nanosponge Could Reduce Computer Energy Consumption (Jul 20, 2017)
In order to store information in the conventional magnetic memories of electronic devices, the materials' small magnetic domains work by pointing up or down according to the magnetic fields. To generate these fields it is necessary to produce electric currents, but these currents heat up materials and a large amount of energy is spent cooling them. Practically 40% of the electrical energy going into computers (or "Big Data" servers) dissipates as heat. In 2007, French scientists observed that wh...
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AP Computer Science Exam Takers Double; Here’s Why (Jul 19, 2017)
Female, black and Latino student participation in Advanced Placement computer science exams has more than doubled in the past year, helped by the introduction of an AP course designed to introduce principles, according to a new report. More than 19,700 female students took an AP computer science exam in 2017, a 135% increase from 2016 and a dramatic increase from the 2,600 female students that took the AP Computer Science exam 10 years ago, according to results released by non-profit Code.org Tu...
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IBM, Citizen-Scientists to Contribute Equivalent of up to $200M for Climate Research (Jul 18, 2017)
As climate change accelerates, IBM is galvanizing the global science community with a massive infusion of computing resources, weather data, and cloud services to help researchers examine the effects of climate change, and explore strategies to mitigate its effects. IBM pledges to help direct the equivalent of up to $200 million for up to five climate-related projects judged to offer the greatest potential impact, and will then broadly share the experiments’ results. IBM is inviting members of...
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UI Researchers Use Supercomputer to Develop Techniques for More Accurate Evolutionary Trees (Jul 18, 2017)
The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign has a bit of a history with genomics, to put it mildly. In 1977, microbiologist Carl Woese uprooted the tree of life, a concept dating back to the early 19th century that explored how organisms were related and evolved. Woese is credited with discovering the third domain that organisms could fall into—Archaea—consisting of single-celled organisms that are vastly different from bacteria, plants or animals. This discovery changed how researchers v...
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Sherlock Launches Secure, Compliant Cloud Services in Amazon Web Services (Jul 17, 2017)
The Health Cyberinfrastructure (CI) Division of the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego, has deployed its secure and compliant Cloud solution, Sherlock Cloud, in Amazon Web Services (AWS). This solution addresses the gap that currently exists in infrastructure level compliance offered by public cloud platforms with a comprehensive, managed compliance capability offered by Sherlock Cloud, thereby giving customers the option of buying services on premise...
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Can Computer Science Education Be Fun? (Jul 17, 2017)
Retail sales and truck driving are two of the most common jobs in America. They are also jobs that may eventually be automated. That's why David Delmar, executive director and founder of Resilient Coders, said, "Coding is the new blue-collar job." Accepting that reality, though, means that a lot has to change about how we educate kids. Yet, "For most states and school districts, the notion of computer science for every student is a relatively new and unexplored topic," according to Code.org.



Want to Kill Your IT Security Team? Put the Top Hacker in Charge (Jul 16, 2017)
Managing an IT department at the best of times can be a struggle, and managing a security team has its own special challenges. But whatever you do, don't put an engineer, even your best, in charge, unless their people management skills are as good as their infosec knowhow. “All my staff are basically volunteers,” Mike Murray, VP of intelligence for mobile security biz Lookout, told The Register this week. “The people are all so highly competent and completely in demand. I know any person o...
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Code @ TACC Robotics Camp Delivers on Self-Driving Cars (Jul 16, 2017)
On a hot and breezy June day in Austin, parents, friends, brothers and sisters navigated through main campus at The University of Texas at Austin and helped carry luggage for the new arrivals to their dorm rooms. Thirty-four high school students from mostly low-income Title I schools in Central Texas, some from as far away as Houston, said good-bye to their families. The students came for a different kind of summer camp, where for one week they became part of a science team that used computer pr...
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Women in HPC Luncheon Shines Light on Female-Friendly Hiring Practices (Jul 15, 2017)
The second annual Women in HPC luncheon was held in June 2017, during the International Supercomputing Conference in Frankfurt, Germany. The luncheon provides participants the opportunity to network with industry leaders and meet new contacts as well as brainstorm about ways to improve diversity and inclusivity for women within the HPC community. As keynote speaker Angelo Apa of Lenovo noted, “if this was an easy problem to solve we would have fixed it already, so we need to generate ideas. My...
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Supercomputing RNA Structure at Argonne (Jul 15, 2017)
Over at ALCF, Joan Koka writes that researchers at the National Cancer Institute are using Argonne supercomputers to advance disease studies by enhancing our understanding of RNA, biological polymers that are fundamentally involved in health and disease. In collaboration with staff from the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), researchers have perfected a technique that accurately computes the 3-D structure of RNA sequences. This method, which relies on a computer program known as RS3D ...
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Girl Develop It Promotes Women in Tech Through Meet-ups (Jul 14, 2017)
A meeting of Rochester's Girl Develop It chapter looks a lot like a group of freelancers working in a coffee shop. Heads bent over laptops, brows furrowed in concentration, the click-clacking of computer keys creating a sort of musical orchestration. According to the National Center for Women in Technology, women represent just 26 percent of professional computing occupations in the 2016 US workforce. Girl Develop It, a national, nonprofit organization, is trying to confront that statistic throu...
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Data Science and Analytics Skills Essential for Minority Students (Jul 14, 2017)
By 2021, job candidates who possess skills in data science and analytics — or DSA — will be more than twice as likely to be hired as those who don’t. That’s according to an April 2017 Business-Higher Education Forum (BHEF) report titled “Investing in America’s Data Science and Analytics Talent: The Case for Action.” Dr. Brandeis Marshall, an associate professor and chair of computer and information sciences at Spelman College. In addition, only about one out of every four universit...
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A New Breed of Scientist, with Brains of Silicon (Jul 13, 2017)
If this is the biology laboratory of the future, it doesn’t look so different from today’s. Scientists in white lab coats walk by with boxes of frozen tubes. The chemicals on the shelves—bottles of pure alcohol, bins of sugar, protein, and salts—are standard issue for growing microbes and manipulating their genes. You don’t even notice the robots until you hear them: They sound like crickets singing to each other amid the low roar of fans. The robots work for Zymergen, a biotechnology ...
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Where Will Future HPC Leaders Come From? (Jul 13, 2017)
In the recent ISC17 conference in Frankfurt, Germany, the HPC community’s attention was inevitably focused on big supercomputers, new processors, and other technologies. Of course, there were a number of voices also calling for attention to the non-hardware aspects of HPC, especially software and people. However, most of those discussions centered on programmers, sysadmins, and researchers using HPC, as is customary in the HPC community.



Javidi: Helping Students and Teachers to Get IT (Jul 12, 2017)
We truly believe students in the Sarasota-Manatee area have the potential to become the region’s next technology leaders and we all need to work together to prepare them for this next important step. So how do we meet the ever-changing and growing demands of today’s students? The answer is by preparing teachers through dynamic academic programs at USF Sarasota-Manatee, which has taken on a key role to assist with the important and critical professional development of local teachers in comput...
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Self-driving Cars May Soon Be Able to Make Moral and Ethical Decisions as Humans Do (Jul 12, 2017)
Can a self-driving vehicle be moral, act like humans do, or act like humans expect humans to? Contrary to previous thinking, a ground-breaking new study has found for the first time that human morality can be modelled meaning that machine based moral decisions are, in principle, possible. The research, Virtual Reality experiments investigating human behavior and moral assessments, from The Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Osnabrück, and published in Frontiers in Behavioral Ne...
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The Virtual Institute – High Productivity Supercomputing Celebrates 10th Anniversary (Jul 11, 2017)
The perpetual focus on hardware performance as a primary success metric in high-performance computing (HPC) often diverts attention from the role of people in the process of producing application output. But it is ultimately this output and the rate at which it can be delivered, in other words the productivity of HPC, which justifies the huge investments in this technology. However, the time needed to come up with a specific result or the “time to solution”, which it is often called, depends...
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Britain’s Warhead-watcher to Stimulate Trident Nukes with Atos Supercomputer (Jul 11, 2017)
The Atomic Weapons Establishment, which provides warheads for the UK's nuclear weapons, is going to use a Bull supercomputer to simulate Trident nuclear warhead explosions. Warhead components change over time through ageing, obsolescence and redesign, which impacts their operational efficiency. The AWE can't run test explosions any more, under the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (to which the UK is signed up), which bans emission of nuclear yield (radioactive debris). Instead, AWE simulate...
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